This study has four interrelated components, each of which complements and supplements the others.
Nepal Social Inclusion Survey (NSIS)
The NSIS aims to generate primary information on the status of social inclusion and human development through a national level sample survey. The work will not only provide a comprehensive database disaggregated by ethnicity, caste and gender but also valuable experience for refining and institutionalizing national studies for assessing the status of social inclusion periodically. The survey data will help understand the multidimensional nature of social inclusion using selected indicators within the social, economic, political, cultural, and gender dimensions. This round of new data will also help to assess overall changes from the baseline of the 2012 Nepal Social Inclusion Survey, which will be of great value for planning and monitoring for the different government agencies, as well as supporting additional multi-disciplinary and interdisciplinary scholarly analysis in the social sciences of Nepal.
Resilience Capacity of the Community
This study will contribute to the understanding of social inclusion in relation to post-disaster household and community resilience capacity by analysing the 2015 earthquake as a study case. The study aims at better understanding the extent of the influences of gender and social identity on a household or community’s ability to respond to and recover from major shocks. More specifically, it seeks to answer how gender and social identity influence a household’s ability to absorb, adapt to, and transform from disaster events. Finally, it explores the scale and scope of intentional and unintentional exclusion from reconstruction support. The study combines both quantitative and ethnographic/qualitative methods, producing new knowledge about the existing status and micro-dynamics, including perceptions, attitudes, and resilience capacities, which will inform promotion of improved inclusion in earthquake and other disaster recovery and reconstruction.
The study of governance and inclusion is highly pertinent in the context of federalization of the country and its associated challenges. The 2015 Constitution, despite its weaknesses as indicated by several disadvantaged communities, has paved the way for federalization and inclusive representation. Participation of members of historically underrepresented groups and women in the political bodies and in decision making positions at local, provincial and federal governing bodies, and transformative inclusion at the grassroots level, particularly in community-based institutions, is going to be critical for instituting inclusion, with subsequent ramifications on accountability and good governance. This study will use combined methods of quantitative analysis and grounded ethnography of peoples’ experiences and views, conduct an analysis of state policies, and a review of international experience. These insights will help create a better understanding of the problems and potentials for future planning, including on reservation and affirmative action policies.
Dialogue and Dissemination
The fourth major component is dialogue and dissemination of the research results. Through a series of dialogue and consultation workshops at national, provincial and local levels, the research aims to share the research findings with wide range of stakeholders including government bodies, civil society, international development agencies and public. The dissemination will also be made through various media outlets including print, radio, and webs for facilitating greater use of the information for planning, policy making, research and public awareness.